World Muskie Alliance (WMA) aims to promote and maintain trophy muskellunge fisheries. WMA uses modern scientific methods to protect spawning and ensure the integrity of trophy waters. World Muskie Alliance supports ongoing scientific efforts to determine optimal species reintroduction strategies.
Muskellunge in North America
Muskellunge have declined in many jurisdictions. Their decline is largely due to overexploitation and habitat destruction.
Introductions and Range Extensions Stocking has served to expand the distribution of muskellunge. Forty-six percent of all North American muskellunge waters have resulted from introductions.
Muskellunge Distribution in North America
The muskellunge is only found in North America. Muskellunge are indigenous to the Great Lakes region and upper Mississippi drainage. You can find muskellunge in all five of the Great Lakes and four connecting channels.
In Michigan, muskellunge are present in the Great Lakes as well as inland waters of the upper peninsula. In Minnesota, there are more than one hundred muskellunge lakes.
Muskellunge are indigenous to the Ohio and Lake Erie drainages of Pennsylvania. In New York state, you can find muskellunge in the Allegheny drainage.
The native range of muskellunge in West Virginia is confined to the Ohio River drainage. Muskellunge in the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers is among the southernmost in the US.
In Canada, the muskellunge’s original range is limited to the provinces of Ontario and Quebec. In Quebec, you can find muskellunge in the Saint Lawrence River and southern Quebec. You can find muskellunge in the Great Lakes, in Ontario.
There have been some occurrences of muskellunge in the Winnipeg River in the eastern part of Manitoba.
Muskellunge Management in North America.
Agencies differ in goals and objectives they establish for muskellunge within their jurisdiction.
Muskellunge, for many, is a highly prized trophy fish. So, a common goal for many jurisdictions is to provide trophy fisheries for muskellunge.
In Wisconsin, the goal is to maintain a trophy muskellunge fishery. Minnesota identified a goal of improving trophy muskellunge in its muskellunge management plan.
Providing trophy fisheries is often accomplished through stocking programs or artificial fisheries. Pennsylvania’s muskellunge management goal is to maintain sport fisheries.
Conversely, managing self-sustaining fisheries is a management goal in some other jurisdictions. The Ontario-New York goal is to perpetuate the muskellunge as a viable, self-sustaining fish.
In several jurisdictions, muskellunge are managed as a non-native and/or invasive species.
In Maine, muskellunge are an exotic invasive species. It threatens native fishes such as brook trout and landlocked salmon. Their management goal is to limit distribution by allowing unlimited harvest.
Similarly, New Brunswick has liberal regulations to control non-native muskellunge.
Although muskellunge may be present, several jurisdictions do not have management programs.
In Washington, D. C. some muskellunge, are found in the non-tidal part of the Potomac River. But there is no management program for the species in that state.
World Record Muskellunge
The original world record muskellunge (31.7 kg), angled from the St. Lawrence River by Art Lawton in 1957. It was disqualified in 1992 by both the Freshwater Fishing Hall of Fame (FFHF) and the International Game Fish Association (IGFA). But that fish is still recognized by the State of New York as the state record.
In 2005, the next largest muskellunge, a 31.6 kg fish angled by Louis Spray in Chippewa Flowage, Wisconsin, in 1949, was disqualified by the IGFA. This fish is still recognized by the FFHF as the world record (FFHF 2010).
The IGFA currently recognizes the world record as a 30.6 kg muskellunge angled by Cal Johnson from Lake Court Oreilles, Wisconsin, in 1949.
The largest muskellunge reported from Ontario was a 29.5 kg fish angled from Georgian Bay by Ken O’Brien in 1988.
None of these fish are recognized as world records by the World Record Musky Alliance. The WRMA recognizes a muskellunge angled by Edward Walden in 1940 as the “honorary” record.
They have established a new records program to document muskellunge having a min weight of 27.2 kg.